Effective immediately, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) is removing 193,782 acres from the golden nematode (GN) regulated area in Cayuga, Seneca, Steuben, Suffolk, and Wayne Counties in New York. APHIS is removing the quarantine area in these five counties based on survey results and other criteria in the “Canada and United States Guidelines on Surveillance and Phytosanitary Actions for the Potato Cyst Nematodes, Globodera rostochiensis and Globodera pallida.” A Federal Order describes the regulated area and includes the associated reference to 7 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 301.85-2(a) that lists the provisions for the movement of GN-regulated articles.
GN attacks the roots of potatoes, resulting in reduced crop yields and negative impacts on trade. The agency’s regulations are intended to prevent the spread of GN within the United States. APHIS has regulated some of these areas since the 1950s.
APHIS, working closely with the New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets, has removed 1,102,131 acres from the GN regulated area in New York since 2010. Of the remaining 186,534 acres regulated in eight counties, APHIS considers 5,945 acres to be infested with GN and have an active control and mitigation program in place to prevent its spread.
Under IPPC Standards, Globodera rostochiensis is considered a pest that is present: only in some areas, at low prevalence, and subject to official control in the United States.