Warning: The following pest reports have not yet been confirmed with the appropriate National Plant Protection Organization. They are provided solely as an early warning to NAPPO countries, and all National and Regional Plant Protection Organizations should use this information with caution.

Subject: Spanish clementine medfly infestation: Recent developments
Publicada: December 20, 2001
All imports of clementines into the U.S. from Spain have been suspended until further notice (previous news story 12/05/2001), and procedures have been implemented to mitigate risk from fruit already on store shelves.

The medfly has been introduced into the continental U.S. more than 20 times between 1929 and the present and subsequently eradicated each time. The U.S. has no established medfly populations today. The cost of each establishment (eradication cost plus industry loss) has ranged between $3 million and $200 million. It is estimated that the cost of an average outbreak today would range between $30-$40 million. For additional details, see http://www.aphis.usda.gov/ppq/clementines.pdf.