After thorough consideration of scientific information, international obligations, and stakeholder comments, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is announcing the deregulation of Yponomeuta malinellus, apple ermine moth (AEM). This moth no longer satisfies the definition of a quarantine pest. Current risk analysis demonstrates that Y. malinellus is not a pest of economic importance and its deregulation is necessary to align with IPPC standards. This deregulation also aligns with the U.S. approach and will facilitate trade.
The CFIA will work towards removal of Y. malinellus from Schedule II of the Plant Protection Regulations in the next regulatory review process.
Until this regulatory change is made and comes into force, the CFIA will revoke policy directive D-96-02: “Plant Protection Requirements to Prevent the Introduction and Spread of Apple Ermine Moth on Malus Species”, effective August 21, 2014. Moreover, the CFIA will not be taking regulatory action to enforce item 4 (35) of Schedule II of the Plant Protection Regulations pertaining to the domestic movement restriction on apple (Malus spp.) plants from any area infested with Y. malinellus to all the other areas of Canada.
As part of implementation of this deregulation,Y. malinellus will be removed from Canada's list of regulated pests and the Automated Import Reference Systems (AIRS) will be updated to reflect that the importation of apple (Malus spp.) plants are no longer subject to Y. malinellus requirements. A notification will be circulated to our trading partners through the World Trade Organisation to inform them that Y. malinellus is deregulated in Canada.
Under IPPC Standards (e.g. ISPM No. 8), AEM is considered to be present only in British Columbia, and is well managed.